Well, how are you doing, everything okay? since we're getting closer, let's go! Come closer that later come the questions. First of all, and I take advantage of the fact that they are recording it, I tell you a little about the focus of this, because I know that there were people who came specifically to hear some more questions about medicine and others … we are going to talk a little about that but it is focused more to musicians and (sound) technicians who do not know what a rest gene or a recessive allele is The idea is that they take something today but above all – in addition to learning something new – that we generate a little awareness regarding certain things We are going to see the many things that for many years were the cause of suicides, that for many years there was a lot of ignorance, and on the other hand that until not many years ago, and we are talking about the order of 5 or 10 years, still we didn't understand how the brain worked about it where our cognitive mechanics and we are understanding it now and where we still there is a long way to go to learn; where we thought we knew a lot and where thanks to MRIs to CT scans and a lot of things that are done now in the comparison of images with networks neuronal …
(empty space) A lot of relationships between Parkinson's, tinnitus, pain, a lot of neurological disorders, and it seemed like We knew a lot of things and vice versa: a Pandora's box was opened, we do not understand nothing and where even worse: beginning to study certain questions we we find that the human being has mutated in recent years. We are not going to blame it on cell phones! Or to Chernobyl now that it is fashionable and other things, but the truth is that the human being of the last 40 thousand years is not the same as that of now but we are not the same as the one from a thousand ago, and one thing is even worse and still we continue to mount the problem is that we are increasingly labile in these mutations with respect to the stimuli on which we are exposed now and being urban, because we are no longer being human: we are being urban to the noise exposure to which we are present all the time makes maybe those hearing thresholds you saw with the Fletcher or Robinson and Dadson curve and all that, perhaps they are no longer the same and even worse: you have to see in a few years if you don't have to redo those curves, but you have to see if either maybe we also have to change our bandwidth in question, no only the intensities.
Well, nothing, little preamble to see if the batteries have already changed. How does that come about? well let's talk about hearing disorders that you know. This is a disorder what we are seeing there, and if they do not know it better, because that damage! Had brought a lot of football memes but we did not know how he was going to leave the game but how is it a sensitive subject take almost all soccer photos. It was meant to be something .. (they interrupt: How did they come out?) We won 2 to 0. Bah, they won. They don't even represent us sometimes and everyone knows hearing loss. I'm going to skip the things that I think everyone understands. Does anyone know what hearing loss is? We all know what hearing loss is (interrupts joke: What?) Ok, César is hard of hearing (he isn't) and he doesn't listen to what we say … Hyperacusis: I think more of you know some hyperacusic in family, someone who does not bench sounds very loud.
Someone who seems to have an extreme sensitivity. Yes? are we all aware of them? well ok maybe misophonia and phonophobia I don't know if everyone knows her. What is me misophonia? (they answer: "It is the worst problem you can imagine, because I suffer from it") Are you misophonic? Okay! Misophonia is like extreme hatred of some certain things that do not necessarily have to be strong but that generate rejection, and it is but that generate rejection and in fact it is.
proven when we condemn when we do a brain scan of the person we see that really kind is not that he was perspiring because he had heat but because he really hates hearing those things, and we go back it necessarily has to be the sound of chalk passing over the blackboard or someone playing with the cutlery but it may be that "I can't stand such a voice. I don't like it. generates hives "This is real, this is a matter of psychiatrist, not psychologist. This really exists and in the person's head a lot of things are generated that are directly related even to the perception, to the point that even the person can either completely remove or be for example that timbre of the context or even worse: listening to it all the time without even that is.
And this exists. As there is also phonophobia. Certain sounds do not necessarily have to be strong or weak but they can generate fear, yes? I hear a dog and I am already praying to San Roque or I listen a siren and I think there is an attack. All these disorders that one he says but my hearing impairs not being afraid of something? but it generates something in me brain that's why we consider it as disorders and we are going to change the focus from now on and we are no longer going to think about it heard as 100% in the audition but we are going to break in two and we are going to say miti miti (half and half) ear and brain? It seems to me that we are going to be more than 75% brain and perhaps 25% our entire hearing system.
Yes? alright let's go fast Well, we came to talk about tinnitus. It is very likely that 101% of people who are here suffer from this because most of you are professionals of the item, they have surely been exposed to many of these noises but if not they did in the field it is very likely that they have done it in their life. I mean, drive in vehicles safely, or rest their heads on the bus where they are exposed to low frequencies where the human being may not be designed -if I can use that word- enough to be exposed in x amount of time without perceiving a damage. Many times we do not even know about this, the big problem is that many of these things when we found out and this that we are going to take up again in a little while, but it's like when they tell you "the kings are the fathers" or "Father Christmas are the fathers" and you It changes your life changes after that and is it something you can't go back to? Yes? Okay that happens with tinnitus: once we are aware of them, we no longer we can get that out of our heads and no matter how much we are going to see at the end of the talk a lot of therapies and others the big problem is that once we are aware that they were problems of consciousness of it, it is very difficult to go back.
And when they tell you that the earth is flat, that it would be like perhaps removing the tinnitus, we know that it is not like that. So, later we are going to talk a little about flat Earth and other things. but hey, let's see … tinnitus, we almost always talk one in particular shaped like a beep. We are not going to name it for no to remember him and not to think that we have him at this moment. But is that feeling of hearing something that is not really there, something that I think I hear something and person next to me tells me you are crazy, nothing is sounding at the moment It is something that is apparently subjective that and we will discuss whether it is indeed subjective.
But hey it has a lot of causes this. the typical one is the traumatic cause, yes? we are exposed to sound pressure levels very tall. our body is not prepared for that, but we know that it is not is the only cause, although it is very likely that if we seem tinnitus is because 99% of the chance it is due to chance to this traumatic situation. The point is that not all tinnitus is from trauma and on the other hand, not all tinnitus is the same and it does not mean that they cannot overlap and that we may have that at some point of the day we have tinnitus overlay.
That can happen, surely in more than a moment on day. perhaps they do not know because they are involved in a pressure level sound high or maybe pay attention to other things but it is very likely that it will happen and the great drama is when they begin to be aware of that second tinnitus, which in some cases they can even control it. That's something we're going to talk about in a little while good, but there is a question: why do tinnitus appear? and it is true that when an alarm sounds you they know something is wrong. If now the firefighters, the ambulance, police, New * ls goal, something, so when you listen, I mean, why with audition? why always the call for help? why does it have to enter through the sense of hearing if we have other senses. why with the audition? And when you hear the alarm clock in the morning …
why the alarm clock … why is it not a hand shaking them? Or a light that turns on (hearing: because it never turns off) Is that the sense of hearing is the only sense that never really turns off In fact, when someone is made to sleep and they hum Coca-Cola or something in the head, you can change that person's sleeping behavior and surely they wake up wanting to have a coke and other things, but let's know that the sense the hearing does not rest, it does not rest for more than obviously there is certain functions of our body that when we are in sleep mode they secrete different hormones, they release different toxins and so on, but it doesn't remove that this sense never stops, yes? and for more than that we also need to rest some hearing fatigue and the hours of sleep get it all the time it's working.
But there is something worse when we have tinnitus It is not that the ear is working all the time. something is going to happen that before it did not happen: that the brain will be working all the time and this is the new and this is the big problem where we are going to have to think that the human being in a few years either changes the diet or changes its shape to manifest regarding noise because two things are going to be incompatible between Yes.
I'm going to have to stop eating certain things or have to start eat certain others if I do not want to have senile dementia and other issues that it is very likely that because of not understanding what happens with my brain-ear relationship over the years I begin to shrink my brain for not using the auditory sense well, for not being able to communicate and interpret what I want and other things that we are now going to discuss … Well, now, we talk about subjectivities but it is true that there are tinnitus objectives, and how can tinnitus be objective if I listen to it? And in reality there are noises that can also be heard by another, that it happens in my body and it manifests as tinnitus. And don't come to me with John Cage and stuff because although it is true that the heartbeat and the noise of the belly or a lots of other noises that happen in my body can hear them anyone with particular devices I can start listening something that for example comes from my ear that I suppose that if someone was a father recently they saw that the baby was measured otoemissions, for example.
There are other sounds that come from the body that are not they are the typical one of "my belly hurts" or "I released a gas" or something like that but the The head also generates its own sounds, but there are other types of sounds, for example throbbing, sounds of somatic causes, no? Does any of you suffer from cervical problems? No? Ah! They are people with little stress! Ah! Now everyone raise their hand The body begins to manifest, especially in infections or inflammations, in the fluid accumulations, lipid accumulations as well, cysts and a lot of other things that we will discuss later.
It may be that it begins to manifest pulsations that generate a sound and that I can hear it. Let's see, then there are a lot of other sounds that a professional with … (audience: why is that a tinnitus?) Technically it is a tinnitus because the interpretation that you make may even be wrong. maybe you can in your head modify what you think you hear, and in combination with other with other noises that can be subjective tinnitus just yours or in the combination that happens in the brain with other things that happen in your body that they are inconsistent with that, yes? manifest as a tinnitus, which seems a pun what I'm saying but the tinnitus issue has to do with INCONSISTENCE, that is, that something is wrong does not only mean It may be that it is inflamed or it may be that a bug got into me or it may being that I was exposed to intense noise …
When my pressure changes, for example, there may also be an indicator and in fact coincidentally there may be a otoemission when my pressure changes. I can measure that tinnitus in that case. and I can see what is happening at the cochlear level (listen, actually) and I surely hear the organ of corti starting to oscillate and those stereocilias that are shaking making that frequency that I am listening, I can measure it. It's a bit more complex than that but hey, these tinnitus are you know as objectives, yes? are the ones that somehow we can, in the first place, find easily without having to ask the patient so much … (audience: do they have an organic cause?) Yes, and also although they have … it is not only organic! but I can give you a hit – I'm organic, it's true! – I can give you a blow and in that trauma I could find the same in some response of all your auditory mechanics like even tympanometry, which also works that way with respect to certain stimuli, I could find sounds that were not there before.
On the subject is the following: tinnitus objectives have a great advantage over the others for us that we suffer from these things: they are reversible (the vast majority) and if they did not persist over time and did not become chronic, it is very likely that if I can eliminate what was causing that target tinnitus, it is very likely that reduced to 100% or reduced in great intensity There are a lot of subjective tinnitus that you are aware of. And what's more, at this moment … yesterday I broke a tooth! It's killing me right now. Surely when they fix me it will go away because I have a pain impressive, but beyond that, the "clicks" for example, that I was a little congested these days … did your bones ever start to make noise? Let's see technically they are noises that you don't usually hear. Now … if I wear microphone on my ear and I start to do some movements, especially the seventh cranial nerve here who is going to pull the facial nerve, is going to make some half crazy movements for example with the zygomatic (muscle) or with the jaw or even with the muscle sternocleidomastoid which is bad enough for those with cervical problems I can start to move my middle ear a little and all those little noises that they start to be like they are grinding – I don't know how you hear that – you can measure and that exists, and when all that inflammation and those mucus that I have and my tubes are released and others, it is very likely that that noise no longer exists.
All right! That one goes! There are others that do not 🙁 needs more development well goes The problem with subjective ones is that only we listen to them and it is sometimes difficult to externalize this. Telling the doctor "hey, you know I'm listening …" is more! you are trained people who can say to the doctor "you know, doctor, I'm listening at the moment 3150 Hz in this ear …
And it is in kHz it tells you the type and what note does that correspond to? I have no idea about that "the doctor tells you (about interpreting the musical note) -" Could it be that you have obsessive compulsive disorder? " – "No no, I swear I'm listening to this and it is more: I went to my house, I put on a wave generator, I wanted to cancel it … It didn't happen 🙁 "It happened to you? (laughs) Ok! Well, let's talk a little about stress and vicious cycle of stress in this. But the truth is that – big problem, big – is that this does not only that we listen to it but in addition to the fact that it can change in the time and once we identify it after the next day we do not identify it from the same way.
The big problem is that when we are attentive to other things, tinnitus is not there! It's like breathing, you see? I don't see any of you blue, yeah? but you were breathing until a while ago and now that I have surely reminded you of this, some will surely start breathe (consciously) and the big problem that he started breathing is that his pulse changed heart and perhaps even the tinnitus has changed a little that now returned to listen (who did not listen before) because they were aware of other things and When all the sound is turned off, when the projector's cooler is turned off, When I am no longer speaking into the microphone, they may start to listen to it, and it will not go away, and what's more: it is very likely that it will start to strengthen, because you are aware of this …
What is it? Are you already listening to it? Sorry!! There are multiple causes for this. We are going to give a little of the typical ones and we are going to talk about … let's not talk about problems at the brain level yet, let's not talk about some other things that happen in the body. Let's talk simply what happens in our hearing system, where in the inner ear We already know that we can suffer damage from exposure, we can suffer damage too due to infections, we can suffer damage from inflammation, pressure changes, Yes? Ear fluids are quite unique In fact, when we are dizzy from alcohol we are not dizzy many times just due to intoxication but actually because the vasoconstriction that generates this alcoholic intake causes the endolymph and perilymph to be oxygenated differently, they change their density …
And they saw that we have like some cup handles. They are the semicircular canals. Very good! And what about that? and what are these things for? The equilibrium! All right! They get dizzy for something! Now … what happens when those liquids that even in a little while we are going to talk a little about the composition. Yes? change in shape to move, in its way of filling or emptying some portions of the inner ear but above all those little hairs that we have in the cochlea that we are going to see now make move differently.
I am going to change my perception, but it is very likely that they will also generate the perception of things that were not there before. The same thing happens in the middle ear! Who among you suffers from bruxism? All! I think so, everyone! It is more if I ask you to play here a little hard cry at this time. Yes? let's talk a a little bit at a time of the temporal joint of the jaw, which is a of the great culprits that you also suffer from this type of tinnitus. And before they tell me "hey, but you told me that this is subjective and surely If I change the way I eat, if I wear a plate of rest, surely the tinnitus that induces the temporal articulation of the jaw "Yes and no.
Then we will see why in a little while. Well, regarding the outer ear, do you know that wax can cause tinnitus too? It can cause other types of tinnitus. We are very used to talking about tinnitus and tinnitus of a tonal nature, but there are other types of tinnitus also tonal but pulsating; and there are also broad spectrum noises. Didn't they ever hear like rain when they had a cold or if someone unfortunately seemed perforation of the eardrum? They never heard those kind of sounds rain? Ever? Yes? Snail type in the sea? Well, that sound is likely to persist once it's over.
the cause and is very likely to decrease in intensity but not 100%. Then we will see why and then we will all go buy magnesium tomorrow. Then there are other conditions in which, luckily, these subjective tinnitus do they quickly return to normal. Fever is a cause of tinnitus interesting. We had talked about liquids and it is true that with temperature the fluids they also change the density, they also change its viscosity. Yes? Well, speaking of drugs, since we are … we are not talking about legal or illegal drugs, let's say something that changes the central nervous system, in other words, it alters perception. The brain is used to receiving stimuli in a certain way. If that changes, it makes an alert call because interprets that something is not right, even if it was for a recreational purpose, or not …
But there are certain substances in the body that the only call attention that we have quickly is the one of the ringing in the ear, yes? The ear warning me that there is something strange in my body. Save (be careful) with medicines. The vast majority of the drugs to which -the over-the-counter- that we are accustomed to buy at the kiosk (markets), the typical … (audience: I kept thinking about what you said today in relation to food poisoning) Guys, poisonings often go right into your ear. And there is something that is even worse: many times the remedy is worse than the disease. There are many medications that we are used to taking for headaches, migraines … Ibuprofen among other things! Ibuprofen is one of the ototoxic drugs that is put on the list that in ten years of taking ibuprofen every day we will listen to "a knob" (we are not going to listen to anything) the treble of great and it is not because of presbycusis, yes? so keep (careful) with these things because we who use our perception above the 8 kHz required by the standard when they are going to have an audiometry Because nobody forces you to make a high frequency measurement and the vast majority of audiometers do not measure them as well Okay, if ibuprofen makes me listen up to 10 kHz because I lost everything, it is very likely that if I do a conventional audiometry the hearing care professional who is treating me does not even find out about it, and I am going to say "I do not understand the consonants "And he performs a speech audiometry, the words do not understand them, the person does not match the intelligibility test with respect to what you manifested the tonal listening, and it is very likely that it had to do with this kind of thing.
We are going to talk about other ototoxic drugs, light blue pills and other things. Nervous problems What did they laugh at there? Now let's talk about fun things Nervous problems just like I'm nervous, but nerve problems. We are going to talk a little about the synapse today. It is not a minor issue. It is obvious what we are talking about neurons, we are talking about impulses electrical, that the communication of what I perceive and what goes to me inner ear and sends that information to the brain, that information travels through electrical impulses. In the ways with which I transmit that electricity (which is basically the nerves) I have problems it is very likely that I express a wake-up call. Do you know what myelin sheaths are? Myelin pods are like marshmallows that line neurons (nerves) And what are myelin sheaths for? Because they are actually insulators. They favor driving actually; nothing escapes. All the sodium potassium pump and all that energy that it releases travels inside – so to speak – of the neuron's body.
Let's see. In stressful situations, and this is an indicator that is used for example to see if the children were abused or beaten or something because sometimes they don't tell you, When we are in traumatic situations, the myelin sheath shrinks, yes? when myelin sheaths shrink, the synapse does not function as well. The electrical transmission is less. So if I already heard wrong and my electrical transmission is bad, yes? Let's think of it as the signal-to-noise ratio.
The useful signal is to be listening to the song that I am mixing, the dialogue with my best friend, whatever is important to you, And if that begins to decrease but the other that was not important persists, then there it does begin to be important that the problem I am suffering from. The stress and other things reduce our pods of myelin and that is a problem because -from the point of view cognitive- if I already begin to … even not only begin to have errors in the transmission this, but also slows down. Okay? Then it slows down, one starts to think slower, and if I start to think slower the brain starts to shrink and that's it proven that people who do not listen not only reduce their neural networks, (but rather) reduce your brain mass as well.
And it is more: there is a almost 80% relationship where senile dementia has a lot to do with the inability to listen. And before they tell me "I have my grandfather and he is not deaf. "That he is not deaf does not mean that he does not achieve that if he can listen in many of his faculties, that he does not interpret what is happening, and where the interpretation is critical. Because for example I am not deaf but if I go to Croatia with Ivan now and the Croats speak to me, I will not understand what they are going to tell me. And since I am not going to understand I am not going to be able to communicate and if I do not interact, I'm going to start shrinking those neural networks. The brain is a very interesting thing because it is a plastic organ. They taste like what do you call plastic? All right! It is capable of being modified! I modify it to "taste and piacere".
I can become a lazy person, I don't read, I don't communicate, I don't learn anything, and I start to lose that ability to connect neurons to each other. The explanation seems a bit in Creole but it is like that. In fact it is one thing that that ability to connect in the first 20 years of life is like fascinating! In fact the first 10 are like a communication boom and until the first 20 years of life it is like it is in its apogee, like this …
Then it is like it begins to decrease and if in the first years of life for example we did not detect hearing loss … a big problem, because if the person could not have a good cognitive development language interpretation, interpretation of the message, to be able to interact, it is likely that perhaps your brain is not prepared to perform certain ways of thinking it can do like thinking, that certain logical questions it cannot do as perhaps a couple that is next to him or her.
In fact there is a theme regarding this: This that one can train and one can perform these networks … We are short of time but if you want we will discuss it a little later but if I do not train the brain, if I did not manage to make interaction also with other ways of relating, yes? and other people who relate different things, that someone invite me to think differently, I am not favoring a complex synapse, and these networks are becoming simpler, more basic. Know how important this is also that …
Remember that human beings do not speak because he is intelligent but he is intelligent because he speaks. When we were able to relate phonemes and be able to assemble structures and give entity to those structures, where we could make logical constructions. That's what we makes us smart and if we are not smart we are not favoring this. Sorry to say so. Well, let's go to the ugly part quickly and we skip it because later they con me (they think too much). Tumors Tumors can also cause tinnitus, right? There is a very particular type what is the vestibular schwannoma that in addition to cutting a little the low frequencies and eventually we generate some kind of dizziness, when it starts to generated between the vestibular and the stetoacoustic nerves … the eighth cranial nerve They are like two little threads that enter the inner ear and one is in charge of pulling the dates from balance and the other from what we hear. Sometimes it is usually crazy between those two begins to generate oppression. There is one good thing: it is a benign tumor and can be removed. The point is that you have to get it out.
Later if we don't seem like some problems motor skills and some other things, but above all it begins to be difficult for us to listen. Well, I think we already talked a bit about this … let's go through it quickly! The joke is that we have to play forget about this, yeah? please! because if we are aware of this every time we are going to listen to it more and each time we are going to feed more to this word that should not be named. The "Lord Voldemort" of diseases. The issue is where does this happen? And believe me that it is more brain than ear and now we are going to discuss it well. We have a great advantage: in recent years the analysis of high complexity allowed us to understand what was happening from the point of view cognitive and above all how this evolved. It is not enough only with understanding where the problem comes from but what happens, and there is one thing that is even worse.
Well we have a test subject. Let's analyze it. Great! Do we draw any conclusions? No! Why? Because if I do it to you, it is very likely that it will be different from you, and that it will be different from you … Ah! Because it probably has a different acoustic trauma. It doesn't necessarily have to be because. Brodmann's areas that are like chunks of brain that are in charge of certain functions are not the same for all people because for more or less they are through the same places, and there is something that is worse too: how I interrelate to these areas and how I draw conclusions about those things it also depends a lot on the history of the person. In the first years of life the children saw that they yell at the walls and I do not know if they saw that they go against the walls, hit them, yell …
Not only because of the fact that they It is difficult to walk and they have to lean on something but they are beginning to understand what they are listening. The first thing the child hears many sometimes it is the mother's tit. For us culturally the sounds warm have to do with those things as well as that the treble is sucked, that enhances the bass, which has little reflection, the color of the wood and those things. It is an unconscious that that person, for example, was breastfed and it is what it is what he heard of his own sound echoing in the chest cavity of the mother and of course, when there is no cultural knowledge of that as in the For example, children who were not breastfed have a different perception of subjective warmth for us. Well, these types of constructions are the same that, for example, people do to understand where they are standing.
For example, if a person who (please don't be offended by anyone) a person who was born in the field and was all the time in open space, if it took him many years starting to be in enclosures at first you get dizzy because you have a hard time understanding where things come from, because relates how he has to extract direct sound from the source and abstract it from what it happens in the living room, and that is real. How do I realize that the room is big or girl if you cover my eyes? and because inside the enclosures as a little boy I already He interpreted that when the sound is fatter it is because I am near a wall. I think about him being fatter as a sound engineer, but a normal person who doesn't understand what It is a serious or a sharp one, that when you say serious then you think of esdrújula …
(it was a joke) When a wall approaches something he perceives that makes him understand that he is on a wall or in a smaller room, but that is one thing that where he educated his way of thinking, where he began to unite nets, ties in his head and that's where the interpretation that does – which is often 100% unconscious – has to do with that history.
That is why it is important that these stories happen in the first years of life, because it is where the brain is prepared. to do all that magic. Well when I say don't add to the confusion about it I mean the placebo effects and the what is (are) placebo effects? Thanks to this type of research that can be do now, if the patient is lying to me and he does not hear anything, I can see that the brain it is "turning on" in a portion when I throw a stimulus at it. So I already know even in proportions manifests tinnitus. And I can say "hey, isn't it heard like a beep?" – "Ah! Yes! It could be" – "And why didn't you tell me?" – "No … because I thought it was a cricket" so, this also allows us to play a little against the placebo effect, because for many years people who already knew that this happened but that he didn't have to, he didn't have a way to prove it, he gave patients placebos and said "Take this, it's going to go away" and the guy said "it's magic, you don't know how I sleep now" …
Lie! The guy who slept was not getting rid of the tinnitus but the guy was calm and believed that he had decreased and with that tranquility your myelin sheath shape big, forgot about stress, forgot about troubles. He didn't start to think about what he was hearing and that was fed back and listened to it more and with the Otoemission is also a great tinnitus generator factor. If i can hear sometimes a song when the radio plays it just like that and I'm already imagining everything that is coming, which is something extremely complex, imagine something as basic as a tone. Now I want to think about him and I can already hear him … Even though maybe with the noise floor here, I shouldn't hear it It has not happened to you, is it that you are already listening? (audience: So you are talking about it being a self-perceptual phenomenon and therefore something psychological, physiological, a surface on which to manifest) Exactly.
But it is a combination of both, the same. And play a lot In fact, the personal history of the person (worth the redundancy) has a lot to do with this And speaking of the history that is memory, let's talk a little after the memory and we are going to buy magnesium tomorrow everyone … remember that … there is a topic as to why we hear that tone and it coincidentally has to do with tonotopic reorganization, is a word like interesting …
This happens in the brain. I had been raised to Listen in a way, you changed something for me … for example, let's go back to the subject of trauma. You made me a beautiful scotoma in the three lucas, do you understand? (3 kHz) I actually did the tonal audiometry, not by thirds, and it gave me that it was perfect but I have that well, yeah? And my inner ear says "I used to hear some of this, give me a Boost to see if I can hear it. "It's like the Comb Filter, you give the Boost but it never returns that frequency. But nevertheless the broadcasts are at full capacity, but not only them: the brain, which was used to hearing those He no longer listens to things, he does not listen in the same way. You want to perceive the ringtones as Before, he did it without my asking. Consciously or unconsciously I cannot control that, and what is the problem? The tinnitus is then manifested.
There is a big problem when it comes to wanting to identify this of these images of high complexity that we have been talking about and a little while ago it was actually proven where tinnitus can come from, and it comes from a place that in the brainstem (there it says tornco,) but in the brainstem in the brainstem apparently (yes, excuse me, I finished very late last night,) yes, it will be the beautiful dyslexia from last night's dream. Let's see… here we are in trouble: from where it starts this is very difficult with images of high complexity today can still see it, because we are talking about a few very small cubic centimeters where a lots of information, and to this day it is still difficult to find this, but here we find something very interesting: that there is a memory effect that we are now going to discuss.
It comes from there just coincidentally. These changes … the central nervous system adapts the same with running of time but it only adapts if I want, then we will see that there are therapies … Be careful with mindfulness … if you give us the time, I'll save it for the end … because we try little time and there are many things to see today. Very good, if I can do that analysis of the brain of the person suffering from tinnitus this same stimulus that some people who do not have that particular tinnitus or another your brain will work differently.
It is proven, we know that it is so, the big problem is how different is this? There is something worse still: no only that he perceives and interprets it differently, but well, that's it, let's stop let's turn off the stimulus! The person's head follows running. Those lights are still on and they don't stop working, This is a great problem: the brain of the person suffering from tinnitus never stops, never! this is a problem because the fact that it is working implies that there is a consumption of resources. When you plug in a vacuum transformer it still consumes? Yes? It is so! As little as it is, but it is consuming. It is something similar. I wanted to put an analogy but they didn't catch it (they got it) You are constantly consuming sodium and potassium, we have already seen that it is.
Now … not only is this consuming things that we need in our body, but it is also releasing toxins. This is important what … I'm going faster … wait a bit … This is something we don't do, I include myself: Rest. Because all this that the brain is doing has residues they have to be removed from the body. The lymphatic system if I don't make it work, what It works great when I sleep, I will never be around this. And what's more, if I don't I take it out is effective space for other things. That "knowledge does not take place" save with this (watch out for this). Occupy! Stupidity is more equal but I don't know if it can be measured … (laughs) (I have another joke to make but no …) What is the drama of this: if I do not perform that "reset" … the "refresh" more than a reset, if I don't get a good rest and I can't get all this I am losing space capacity and above all, let's see … the central nervous system is quite particular. It has some cells that are glial cells that are not particularly neurons, that is, they are neurons but different from neurons, and these …
How? Speak louder (audience: glias) And what do glias do? (audience: I don't remember very well) Do they regenerate? (audience: yes, you are) Yes, this one! Let's see, but just that I find one that regenerates, so much so that we come that "oh, I can't regenerate (neurons)". Once I find one that regenerates and on top of that, how good! While you sleep! What better than that! I don't have to do work because I'm sleeping and the best part of the day is sleeping sometimes! But of course, if I do not rest, I am not allowing the little that can be rebuild and that serves so that there begins to be effective space within the head … I am not giving ball (importance) to this and I am conditioning it. I can't think … (audience: that people who suffer do not want to go to sleep because it is time to where they listen to it most, then they avoid or in turn put things that … … they leave things ringing to avoid going into silence) This is a very interesting detail. "Join to the dark side", as I used to say.
"The dark side of white noise". There is an article on the internet that someone wrote. It's like IOM *, get half of what it says, please, but the concept of the "side white noise "as I said. White noise is not a saving therapy. In fact it generates a fatigue where I just had to rest, yes? And my system You keep working and you keep getting fatigued and the threshold keeps dropping. Now let's see for falling. But … what about that? Sure, the person is rotten from hearing the beep and needs to withdraw listening to other things that mask. What happens is that … let's see … the people who usually do that They are people who work very to the extreme, who manage their tinnitus very to the extreme and then in places Silent for example use earplugs, or go with earplugs on the street, or they start putting things in.
Let's forget about infections or the things that can happen when we put foreign bodies in the duct and so on. But, let's see, the acoustics that were in the previous talk too: what happens when I put a plug on the ear for example? And he started to walk … What does the ear canal become? In a closed open tube as you see it? Or what does it become? In a tube closed-closed. And what about … let's see, I start to make movements …
Why do they go deaf factory workers if they use their auditive protectors? What happens? What is the factor that generates this deafness in many cases? If they did well and put on their helmet protectors, goblet protectors, Footwear! (When stepping on, their closed ear canal resonates). Footwear is a great problem, it is a great deaf generator. Canvas Topp * r (very hard-soled footwear) is an interesting deaf factory. When I put on my earplugs and start walking and …
Start walking the a quiet place with that; chew on some fries with the caps on! (they will perceive a tremendous noise!) I have many friends who are very … I am going to say another non-academic expression: the word is "manija" (Argentinianism of effusively passionate) another word and the word obsessive Obsessive compulsive of this and go with the plugs everywhere now. And sometimes I see them with the plugs in quiet places. "I am learning to live with tinnitus." Guard! Yes, you are learning to live with tinnitus but you are learning not to live with sound and and there is a big problem regarding this! I don't know if the guy who wrote us to AATIA the other day who had severe hearing problems came along. I'm not going to say the name … Well, this week we talked to three companions who are with some strong problems. In fact there is one that could come out there who is not from the city (a travel flower was going to stick!). The level of stress that this person was carrying was huge and he began to be with the caps on everywhere but also in situations of extreme silence.
This is proven that if I … It's like any muscle this, if I don't exercise it, what happens to that muscle? Okay! It atrophies! Well, hearing if I don't exercise it atrophies too. And if I am all day with a cap on so as not to hear certain things … if it was 10 minutes that I put on cotton (don't do it!), I take it off and say "oh, they came back! There is more glitter. I listen better.
I've been taking care of myself. "QUESTIONABLE! If the person is deprived of listening for a long time, then he will listen less! And I return later to what happened with senile dementia, with deafness in adults and other things: the brain gets smaller! Later we will discuss Alzheimer's and there is a direct relationship between tinnitus and Alzheimer's but hey … let's stay that if we don't get used to this And I'm not saying we have to be exposed to loud noises, but if we don't we are places where we can interact, we can listen and do interpretation of what we are hearing we are going to start atrophying a great muscle: "the muscle of listening." Let's talk about trauma quickly, because you already know everyone.
They already know that we can't being exposed to noise for a long time, this is already known to everyone. Let's talk about something that not many years ago it was believed that this was for one thing and now we know which is for another. Ear fluids are low in calcium ions and that is a downturn (a shame). Why? Because calcium ions are what make us hear what we hear. If I do not have calcium in my fluids inside the ear, for more complete stereocilia they have, no matter how much all the hairs are there happy with life "chiche jewel never trauma" (Argentinism in the sale of a car in good condition "chiche jewel never taxi") when there is an absence of calcium, nothing will reach the brain Yes? The tectorial membrane – that until we throw fluoride on it, we do not we realized that it existed- it is a film that covers these little hairs that they are there, it is rich in calcium ions and it is a reservoir of calcium.
Calcium is saved to be used for these purposes but there is a great problem with this: if we are all born well, our chromosome 15 said to the stereocillin "hey, be there, majestic protein that you are going to take care of my hearing and you are going to make me listen well. to have my calcium reservoirs unless I break this membrane. And when does it break? When there is a lot of intensity. It breaks down and does not give me the calcium I need to listen to that which was very intense. And that's why when I'm exposed to noises at that moment e .. boom! Lower the threshold! But don't worry because this comes back later. You come back as long as I have enough calcium to We have not completely broken this and other things. It is much more complex, we are synthesizing a lot but the one I heard has a lot to do with this membrane that is up there and many times we did not know that this existed! There I have to see these cilia look when they are broken how they look, and look how they are when they are healthy, and look at how they look from afar from afar (from afar we're talking about microns hehe) but look at how it looks more away from …
(audio cuts out) These little triangles that you see there it was actually these formations and these ramifications (these fries from McD * nalds) which are the ones that move when the ear fluids begin to transmit those waves of motion to the oval window. Believe me that below Those little hairs are actually like a giant sausage. It is much bigger the stereocilia system itself but, well, look here what happens with those little hairs. (audience: a steamroller passed) The steamroller … the perilymph tsunami happened like this with all those bass that ate everything until they reached the end of the cochlea (audience: what battery is that cochlea?) It could be a bass player too, eh ! Well, nothing …
There is an interesting thing: there are people who are blessed by nature and that even though they have hearing damage they do not have tinnitus! Yes, it should be 0.001% but there are people who it's more! They are going deaf and they don't have hum, they don't have white noise, they don't have little noise, they don't have anything! People who have been blessed. The issue is what I was telling you about the combination of tinnitus. If I already have a tinnitus, let's not add another one.
There we will not be able to sleep! Well let's talk about the things that happen to all of us us: let's eat a little food! Can you put up with me, do you stay a little longer? Do they escape me? And to the people who do not have to close the door, who do not close it for us. We are going to talk about these tinnitus that "in quotes" can be preventable; I already have another and let's not combine, yes? and let's not combine if the problem of the Because the worst combination problem, you who are musicians (the vast majority) screw us out of tune.
Imagine adding things that beat each other or that generate those hideous modulations! Okay, There are different types of tinnitus that can come from cervical problems. Some have to do with pressure problems, some have to do with direct relationship of this pressure in the inner ear. In fact, let's see, believe me, I can do a little bit of strength in the inner ear … wasn't it that you were doing it in the middle ear? Now we are going to discuss that (It is increased blood pressure) And these liquids have a little more pressure to see if I can bring the hairs to the tectorial membrane to see if you heard a little better because I do not know what happened that does not come down … Ah! I ran out of calcium! That is an important little topic … Calcium is another of the words that we are going to hear very often today. The pressure inside the inner ear is not essential. only for balance but also for auditory perception and when there are pressure problems … let's see, who moves the blood? The heart, and at a certain rate.
Is very Probably also that I begin to find sometimes with sounds (buzzing) that are not constant over time, which can vary at times to a pulsatile rhythm that has to do with the heart rate and in some cases more or less goes out there but it has a lot to do with this. I pass them quickly. Does any of you have a balance problem? Or ever had? I know the parents, some of you who have consulted me or who we have chatted on occasion … This also passes through the ears and there are some particularly balance disorders that the vast majority of them also cause tinnitus. There is a particular disease that is Meniere's what it has to do with pressure imbalance in the ear fluids. If you want to later, I'll pass it on to you. The truth is that there are many things to talk about in a very short time to talk about all this but hey Know that there are some issues that are physiological that out there we did not even know that we had and can also cause us to have a greater predisposition to slouch Our back hurts, our shoulders and neck swell …
that it is more labile to a certain "bug" and that I got infected quickly in the ears … It could be in the outer ear, it could be in the middle ear … there are a lot of things that end up affecting the inner ear many times, and that is what generates that feeling of dizziness or nausea, etc. But this is the best: the one we had talked about earlier today. We channel stress many times into the jaw! When you dislike someone, when something no longer works, you bite! (laughs) and you have to see how it bites! We have a little problem with the jaw I had already told you that the facial nerve is starting to pull … nature gave us the ability to almost control this, that we can use it for good purposes! Someone said drummer. Indio I think he named the drummer just If the drummer has a good tempo, because the problem is when the drummer is bad: you never know when the hit is going to come and I can't protect myself.
But if I already know when the stimulus will come, I protect myself! How do I protect myself? (biting sound) I do like this (biting) Of course! All this movement that I'm doing, I have the hammer, I have a little thread inside that is like it pulls and the three little bones, which are tiny (in fact they are the three smallest bones in the entire skeleton) I yank them and tell them "you stay here." It is like a pad! In fact the -20 dB pad must be for the ossicles (it is the approximate attenuation in that movement) (audience: A compressor) It is true because it is quite non-linear. But beyond that question, let's see, if someone had thought of it as a system of amplification as if to say "tympanic membrane = needle block for sale oval" (set tympanic membrane -larger surface- ossicles -smaller surface- oval window) What hurts more when someone steps on you? With a heel or with the heel? The weight of the person is the same, but what do we do? We concentrate all that weight on a smaller point …
Ah! higher pressure! Well, hitting that pull is like that pressure seems that it is not so much. The oval window he didn't see so much pressure. This is actually a protection mechanism. Now what is the issue? Me to be able to have this (protection) in all its faculties I also have to be well fed. All this protection that I can have both calcium stores from stereocillin and power moving this smoothly depends on whether I happened to have a lot of calcium in my body.
If I don't eat well, at least the amount of calcium enough to be exposed to levels that make me have to protect myself is not going to work, and even if I were well fed, the calcium reserve for these needs does not last more than an hour or an hour or so. That is a problem too. Because I have to rehearse, I have a show or whatever and you have to see if the show lasts less than an hour. Okay? Now we are going to continue a little more. Well now we are still on the jaw joint. There are my friends the "chinwenwencha" and "vamo'ñuls" You have to put a little humor, because I know that many of you are going to get home and … think that they are worse than us! (laughs) The lack of teeth … what are they laughing at? (Argentine phrase of the character in the image: you took it all chinwenwencha) These dolls that are missing all the teeth, what is the problem they have? Sure, jaw dysplasia! So what are they laughing at? (audience: Contemp * mi) What happens when I have a correct position? It is very likely that I am pulling (pulling) more there on the hammer out there this is not a conscious movement but it does not remove that I am not doing it and it does not remove that is altering the way in which I perceive.
It was the talk about tinnitus and not the talk about protection or the tinnitus talk and so on, but the truth is that I can modulate my tinnitus, especially objective tinnitus with movements, for example the movement of the jaw: "little balcony" and those things, did you see? when i can modulate this can even change the frequency and it does happen. Those who suffer from this type of tinnitus when they move their jaw change frequency this was not a myth. (audience: does the frequency they report change?) It can be measured on the head of the person but yes … now we are talking about minimal variations but the truth is that it changes, which this says that there is a super close relationship also in the muscular question in the tendons (audience: and also that there is less of the brain than you think) actually actually the brain has to do one more account to understand what happened and how he cannot process it apparently comes from the thing (the buzz) that is the subject, remember that they are inconsistencies, yes? is a call from attention. "Che, the accounts do not give me!" basically that is it.
(hearing: and that is one of the reasons why it can be in one ear but not in the other) Yes, the point is that when this type of tinnitus occurs bilaterally, we are talking almost of a congenital defect and there is coincidentally a gene that it has to do with this. Okay, well let's go fast. Protection mechanisms we already talked about it, muscle, ossicles … BANANA! sodium, potassium and calcium that is nothing to do with me because K – Na (Cana) and those things This does not cure all problems, it is a joke we always make, but it is true that not all nutrients are entirely useful the sense of hearing or cognitive mechanics.
The body is used for other things, it is true, but we mainly these are the things that we can not leave to have our body. Without calcium the ossicles do not move well, the tectorial membrane has no reserves and without sodium and without potassium we cannot think basically. See if we are going to transmit something to the brain? what interpretation are you going to do? how not want it to have noises? ok, now this is one thing that is important.
Already could prove this. From the cochlea to the brain we go to a portion of the brain which is the dorsal cochlear nucleus. Apparently this is the cause of tinnitus. Excuse the expression, but this is the "lining" (Argentinism: bad person) that does not let us sleep at night. And it has a kind of Booster (lifter) where it is used to listening in a certain way. I get the signal, he he is happy with the signal that is coming. A very intense sound is coming. When that comes very intense sound, we already know from what or the ossicles stopped it Either I ran out of calcium and the tectorial membrane could not deliver it, or the reverse: it broke. But of course, it lacked volume. And what does this do? This one has a memory effect, so try to pull to give me back the sign. It's like a compande (audience: an information filler) This is … what's it called? The vocal rider, one of those that raises when the voice is small, did you see? Or the bass rider, but we are not going to advertise a plugin brand that is not mine …
but when the stimulus either stopped or lacked, here they said "hey, it's time to hit the boost" or even if there was nothing, because they know that a million times zero is still zero, but if he's not making it up, the guy says "Let's fill in." It's like linear interpolation, so to speak. We are going to put in what is missing. What is the drama of the memory effect? Tinnitus is a memory effect !! that apparently the thing comes from here.
then, There is a little topic where … there is a very interesting vasodilator. When I say vasodilator I know what they are thinking but we are going to think of magnesium in this case, where the cochlear vasodilator (at the capillary level of the ear) has a great particularity: it helps in The first place is that the ear is well oxygenated. Now we are going to talk a little bit about oxygenation and everything happens … Are we short on time? 5 just? Sorry … Let's be quick. Trust me if you are on magnesium … don't go overboard either (don't overdo it). Don't eat a magnesium bar, but (laughs) this memory effect decreases, and tinnitus it seems that it is proven that it is a residual memory. Nothing … has anyone ever been given betahistine or any ear vasodilator medication? Nothing? It's not magic, in fact it isn't, but it was almost like the gateway for future drugs to come that maybe have something to do with this and help.
Well, speaking of antioxidants, vitamins like A, C and E. Not in excess, yes? Hypervitaminosis, especially in A, does not suit us. For more than the old tangueros … has someone ever recorded an old tanguero taking cod liver oil? Why do they take cod liver oil? Why the cod? (has a lot of vitamin A) why is vitamin A important? especially for tangueros? For the joints! Think of an 80-year-old guy who has to swing that heavy bandoneon and play hard … Sometimes to assimilate the vitamin we need sun exposure.
Since we have no exposure to the sun, especially us who dress in black, we are locked up all day in the studio and those things that we do … Vitamin A is plugged in in industrial quantities by taking cod liver oil. Nobody comes close to you because you smell like cod, right? The cod is very low (from the sea) it has very important reserves of vitamin A, and in excess if the bones become quite hard … it can bring some they become quite hard and it can bring complications but in normal amounts, to eat a good fruit salad and things with colors as recommended on some TV shows … separate the vegetables in colors and put them all together and allows us to reduce the cellular aging and presbycusis, which presbycusis It is not a myth, it is a thing that is real. We are going deaf with the running of the time and we may slightly delay this natural phenomenon. Presbycusis is not the progressive loss of hearing, which we will see later how it works, because progressive loss is broad spectrum.
Presbycusis starts with the highs and sweeps up little by little, yes? In men, presbycusis starts around 35 years or so, we stopped hearing the tube television beep, which no longer exist, but hey, if there were tube televisions we would listen and almost 16 kHz. Women get caught much later. Now that it is full of girls who mix, they are going to put us out of work all the balls listen better than us, and they have to know it.
(audience: and are there data? Because women have a problem with calcium fixation) The issue of women, suffers from osteoporosis much worse than men and others, yes. It's a theme because osteoporosis also causes hearing loss. (audience: then are they going to take our jobs or not? 1 to 1) 1 to 1 no … now that luckily they have returned with the whole issue obstetric violence and others is returning to the natural childbirth theme.
It is worthy of mammals to be able to sharpen their hearing after a I leave so I can fight the calf and all those things they say in National Geograph * cs. The truth is that the woman in addition to having 10 years of useful life of the acute or more the male, later in natural childbirth, sharpens his hearing even more. So when we can't mix cymbals, they are going to mix cymbals better than we can. (audience: 2 to 1) Really physiologically we are very different men from women Obviously externally it is seen, but internally as well. The truth is that the male the male, who historically has done work that has exposure to noise, industry and others …
Let's talk about historical issues, let's separate what happens now, but what I'm going to is that The male is much more labile than the female in his ear and historically he was also exposed to much louder noises and that's one of the evolutionary things that I wanted to get to in the last few slides … we're not going to get there where we lose a lot (the human being regarding his inability to get out of noisy spaces unscathed) Guys, vitamin B. There is an issue with folic acid: we do not synthesize it in our body And there is a theme also that adults don't even catch it if they give it to them in a vitamin supplement.
If it is not in a natural state, the body does not suck it, then if instead of eating the vegetable, you eat the Z * ntrum and all those vitamins (which are actually all waste from remedies) You know how it works, right? Vitamin complexes … not that someone put "We are going to put as much magnesium and zinc and" coso "so that it is something useful but he just gave this and I'm selling it to you because … I'm not being funny, it works like that. When when I give folic acid to the person and is not in a natural state, difficult for me to assimilate. In fact, it is proven that half of the people do not manage to assimilate them. and the lack of Vitamin B is a big problem because folates are important, among other things, also so that … we think that vitamin B helps us to retain certain liquids, to retain certain fats as well, for more than excesses of vitamin B you can generate cysts and other things.
But when we don't have vitamin B things also happen at the level of the inner ear, it is not oxygenated in the way that has to do and cells begin to die. Zinc can almost be the solution (audience: regarding vitamin B, do you or do you not recommend those complexes?) Stop, I don't have to recommend it … the issue is the vitamin B9. The B9 is the one that gives us a little hand with the ear. the B12 is for other things, the B6, but the B9 for the "ears". The video people will later talk about beta carotenes (vit A) but the Audio people, B9. There is an issue regarding zinc. We have a lot of zinc in our eyes. In the inner ear we have a lot of zinc. It doesn't hurt to have zinc. The problem is that… Where do we find zinc? Do not tell me in the batteries (audience: on the ceiling) These are the heavy metals that everyone complains about pollute their water when we sail (exceed) zinc we can hurt ourselves. This is not a thing that we are going to take zinc just like that.
someone has to prescribe them. Well, iron is also something that is essential that sometimes … before you say "vegans do not have iron" you find it in chickpeas, there is iron in lentils and in a lot of foods. Why is iron important? By hemoglobin. If there is no good oxygen exchange and other metabolic issues traveling through the big problem blood is that the capillaries of the ear, which are tiny – for a reason they are capillaries – is not produced neither the metabolism in the way we expected nor sometimes the arrivals of some particular nutrients that we were talking about today that were important for hearing. then iron deficiencies they are also a problem for hearing.
And now again a problem for women but in the stage of lactation or pregnancy and others may be iron deficient. Those of us who suffer from stress and suffer from ulcers at some point can also have a strong fall in iron There are a lot of factors that cause iron to fall and it has repercussions … when we lack iron our hearing also starts iron our vision also starts to to lose intensity in perception. Who is he who does not lose intensity? Tinnitus … well nothing, then let's talk a little about ototoxicity in … this out there … not all cause tinnitus but the truth is that again signal / noise ratio we lowered the signal useful and the noise continues to persist. First of all, it seems to me that I haven't named it yet … Guys, if I cut my auditory nerve and I have tinnitus, will my tinnitus go away? NO! and that is where the brain percentage begins to be greater than that of the ear then.
Someone had to tell us that Santa Claus was the parents, yes, it was in the moment or the trauma or when some imbalance in our body where it appeared if tinnitus. But the truth is that that auditory memory and other things They make me no longer able to get out of my head that they once told me that Santa Claus it was the parents. So I'm very interested in this because if I start to consume things constantly that will subtract that they are going to reduce my signal / noise ratio, every time I am going to hear worse.
I am always going to have that tinnitus going around and what is useful I am going to lose. Aspartame know what it is? Ok, fine! Acetylsalicylic acid is aspirin. Ibuprofen we already said it. Benzodiaepines. What are benzodiazepines? Who takes a medicine for the central nervous system? The pink recipe, guys. Everything that comes in a pink recipe, basically. As much as sometimes valium is not bad for myorelaxation of the jaw, but there cannot be an abuse of this. Once is fine, but it is not for every day. And this is already proven. As much as it hurts many, it starts with "v" and ends with "iagra", that can also be a problem. And then I get screwed by this: excess fat and sugar in the body. Well, obviously the high pressure generates tinnitus but it also causes that as there is less blood circulation … the pressure is very high because I have less effective section for the blood to pass through … This can also happen to the capillaries in the ears and they can be clogged directly, because as they are capillaries they are very small, and since they are small (they become obstructed) they no longer directly carry blood to the ear.
I can go deaf from this. Treatments Magnetic resonance and computed tomography. There is a practice that has been going on for a few years. There are some very interesting papers from 2017 where neurofeedback is done. How is this? They do the resonances and CT scans of the person in the face of certain stimuli, precisely noise pink or some shades. They see what portion of the brain lights up and the tone or intensity of the noise begins to change; they turn it off, they turn it on, they see how that behaves and they tell the guy "What did you feel?" "I don't know, something." Well then try to control it and then they start to see that other parts of the brain turn on and there where they teach you to have a rejection …
Yes? Already? (they close the auditorium) 8 and five … Do you know what rhyme? With sponge cake. And we already said goodbye. There are a lot of studies that are doing now mainly with the analysis of what happens in the brain. There is a very close relationship between Parkinson's, he had told them, pain and depression (and tinnitus) there are new studies that are being done with radiofrequency that bombard the mastoid bone with certain radiofrequencies and make you start to oscillate the cochlea waiting for cells to regenerate that in theory should not regenerate. They do it too above the skull this. It has some advantages, it is true. It's like the (schwan * k hair regenerator) What is the issue with this? Now I am going to fall a little bit on the genetic part. If I indiscriminately begin to do cell growth this can lead to cancer.
So you have to be very careful with this. Well, I'm going to genetics. Stem cells. It has been more than 10 years since they come up with this topic, only now we were able to get out of making the ear on the outside and get inside inside pretty bad. Why? Because the east gene (NEUROG1) does not put the brakes on it "Wow, nerve cells started coming out in the ear!" That's it, we solve the problem! No, the problem is that we can't put the brakes on it and this Also, I give you back your hearing but I give you an "ear" cancer. Don't laugh at me. The fact that we cannot control it, that is, does not mean that then this is applicable. all right. actually yes. I'm a little ahead of myself. This is here: there are molecular (cellular) brakes, there is a Argentina who does things like this and what happens with this if I can stop that growth, yes? So it's like Homer taking sleeping pills and "speed", don't you remember that chapter? Well, it's more or less such a thing.
The point is that you have to be very careful with this because also (I'm going a little to back) I can with molecular genetics and start adding nerve endings. the issue is that what is the problem if They are disordered I am going to hear a dyslexia of what I hear … (audience asks if it's experimentation) it is experimentation in mice and in people there is already experimentation. The issue is that he does not know, he does not answer … There are some genes in particular and short here, that introducing RNA in the body and in a somewhat complex way that we do not even have two hours to explain it, but some substances in the body that that favor the deterioration of these cells.
Well … ah, I need a slide … We were going to talk about cyborgs and a few other things but time passed. Synthetic brain. The synthetic brain already exists, guys. Carbon tubes. they have put together very good neural networks. the problem is size. the technology is there, we have the knowledge. the problem is They say that until 2022 we will not be able to make it so small as to can really work.
Why? Because, let's see, I'll put an ear to you but it's that big on me. I'll build a brain for you but it's the size of this classroom, more or less. then but what can be done, it can be done now. And they've been coming up with this for a long time. Also this is not super cool, it is already 4 years old. Magic pills And this one is magic because oxytocin is magic. Do you know inhalable oxytocin is sold? In the US you go and buy oxytocin. Can I say a guarangada? It's like you had a spectacular night without having it. So what is the drama of oxytocin? technically none! The point is that still no negative effect could be proven over time. Not know what happens because this is not addictive, which is rare because it should (We are putting a bit of a funny tone) but the truth in what happens is that you have to see if due to the hormonal issue you really lost your attention to tinnuitus or indeed attention to tinnitus or indeed This is the case, but tinnitus goes away completely in the vast majority of people who they stick this up their nose.
Be careful with what they put in the nose. This is really new, vaporizers and (audience: is it over-the-counter in the US?) Coincidentally, it's in the US and it's approved. So this exists and it's real Guys, I'm playing a video for you as you retire. I was going to pass the information on to them. Coincidentally, this is also industry. And speaking of national industry, there is a national industry of these things. First of all, I would like to thank Andrea (Farina) and Fernando Bacigalupo, who are the ones who put together this series of talks and they deserve a big applause, This is also a national industry (inaudible) to be able to do industry. There are people who are a bit invisible and especially in recent years the conicet is like sometimes it happens without pain or glory with the reality are the support of a lot of things, and there is an Argentine that made some very good contributions regarding genetic engineering of the ear and I had a little video to pass it but if you want the speech I go and when we are evicting I put the video.
I thank you a lot. Is very I cut an hour. I know that the first thing was good and then we put the accelerator on and there was all data out there, half disjointed. Gives for talk a lot and give whole days to talk about these things It is very likely that if we have this talk next year we will change half of things what did we say (audience: let's make an event of this) Indio liked it, let's make an event of this. And we have a a lot of references in the country, men and women who have been investigating this for many years Nothing, thank you very much for coming. The truth is that it is very important for us that they are here (applause) Iván: Thanks Cana for the talk..